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Teaching of Internal medicine at CUFM

What is internal medicine

"Internal medicine physicians are specialists who apply scientific knowledge and clinical expertise to the diagnosis, treatment, and compassionate care of adults across the spectrum from health to complex illness."


Internal medicine is a medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults - dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. A physician who specializes in internal medicine is referred to as an internist

The specialty of internal medicine covers a wide range of conditions affecting the internal organs of the body - the heart, the lungs, the liver and gastro-intestinal tract, the kidneys and urinary tract, the brain, spinal column, nerves, muscles and joints. Although some diseases specifically affect individual organs, the majority of common diseases - arteriosclerosis, diabetes, high blood pressure and cancer may affect many internal organs of the body.

The internist must then be trained to recognise and manage a broad range of diseases and, with the aging population, many patients with chronic and multiple disorders.

Internal medicine include many subspecialites allergy and immunology, cardiology, endocrinology, diabetology, hematology, infectious diseases, gastroenterology, nephrology, oncology, pulmonology, and rheumatology.

Internists are skilled in the management of patients who have undifferentiated or multi-system disease processes. Internists care for hospitalized and ambulatory patients and may play a major role in teaching and research.

The term internal medicine originates from the German term Innere Medizin, popularized in Germany in the late 19th century to describe physicians who combined the science of the laboratory with the care of patients. Much confusion surrounds the meaning of internal medicine and the role of an "internist". Internists are qualified physicians with postgraduate training in internal medicine and should not be confused with "interns",who are doctors in their first year of residency training (officially the term intern is no longer in use).[Although internists may act as primary care physicians, they are not "family physicians," "family practitioners," or "general practitioners," whose training is not solely concentrated on adults and may include surgery, obstetrics, and pediatrics. 

University departments responsible for teaching medical students are usually supervised by a professor of internal medicine who maintains the right balance between the different medical subspecialties that makes up the students' training. 

Coordinator of teaching INTERNAL MEDICINE

The coordinator (guarantor) of teaching internal propedeutic and internal medicine for the students of general medicine at FMED is prof. Juraj Payer, MD, PhD., MPH, FRCP, FEFIM.


5th Department of Internal Medicine
University Hospital Bratislava - Hospital Ružinov 
Ružinovská 6, 826 06 Bratislava
Tel.: +421 2 48 234 108
Fax: +421 2 48 234 110
Email: payerru.unb.sk  

Prof. Payer office is on the 8. floor


You can contact also:
Assoc. Prof. Peter Jackuliak, MD, PhD., MPH, FEFIM
Tel.: +421 2 48 234 108
Email: peter.jackuliak@fmed.uniba.sk

Responsible teachers for each class - in academic year 2022/23

4. class

Assoc. Prof. Soňa Kiňová, MD, PhD.
I. Department for internal medicine, Hospital Old Town, Mickiewiczova Street

5. class

Assoc. Prof. Viliam Mojto, MD, PhD., MHA
III. Department for internal medicine, Hospital Kramáre, Limbova Street

3. class

Prof. Juraj Payer, MD, PhD., MPH, FRCP, FEFIM
V. Department for internal medicine, Hospital Ružinov, Ružinovská Street

Rules for practicals

The practicals begin at 8.30 a.m. Each student must have their own stethoscope, be dressed in white and wear overshoes. A student's identification card (the ISIC card) must be visible on the overcoat. Other belongings (coats, bags, etc.) will be left in the medics' locker room.

All students are required to study for the practicals. The teacher is entitled to examine the students during the sessions and in the event of serious gaps in knowledge the student can be expelled from the session and will be marked down as absent.

The main focus of the sessions is practical examination of patients. At the beginning of each session, there may be a theoretical introduction (a seminar) regarding the given practical topic (max. 90 minutes). The rest of the time will be dedicated to practical training (bed-side training).

In compliance with the Study regulations, the students are required to speak with the patients in Slovak language.

A condition to get credits is 100% participation in practical's during the semester. All absences must be compensated for. The schedule for compensatory practicals will be listed in the last week of the semester. You can compensate the absence only at that department on which do you have the practice (compensations on the other departments are not acceptable).

The final evaluation will be conducted by means of a credit test taken in the last practical session or during the examination period of the semester. A test is considered successfully passed if the student has at least 60% correct answers. If a student fails the test, he/she will be allowed to re-sit the test for a maximum of 2 attempts.

The test will be graded as follows: 

100 - 91%Aexcellent (outstanding results)
90 - 81%Bvery good (above-average results)
80 - 73%Cgood (average results)
72 - 66%Dsatisfactory (acceptable results)
65 - 60%Esufficient (results meet the minimum criteria)
≤ 59%Fxfail (some more work is required)