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Written Test - Internal medicine 1 for 4th class - Dentistry

Written Test - Internal medicine 1 for 4th class - Dentistry

Cardiology

Which echocardiographic parameter characterises systolic function of left ventricle:

What is the most common etiology of  heart failure:

What is typical symptom in heart failure:

Which medications provide the highest benefit for patients with systolic heart failure and significantly improve their life expectancy

Heart failure:

Heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function and without any other clasical structural abnormality (valvular heart disease etc) is recognised as a:

Heart failure leads to:

What is typical presentation of a patient with acute left ventricular heart failure:
Treatment of  acute pulmonary edema includes:

Patient with acute pulmonary edema is positioned to:

Acute cor pulmonale is characterised by:

Acute right ventricular heart failure:

Which test results raise suspicion of acute right ventricular heart failure:

What is the most common etiology of sudden cardiac death:

Primary prevention of sudden cardiac death includes:

What is not typical for coronary heart disease:

Which condition does not belong to acute forms of coronary heart disease:

Coronary heart disease prevention is presently based on:

Typical etiology of coronary heart disease is:

Which test is used in a diagnostics  of coronary heart disease, when standard ECG at rest is not typically changed:

What are myocardial ischemia signs on ECG:

Which mechanism plays important role in most cases of a myocardial infarction

What is the early classification of myocardial infarctions that is principal in selection of  acute treatment modality:

This statement applies for early treatment of acute myocardial infarction:

First aid in a suspicion of a myocardial infarction includes:

What is the mortality of early treated myocardial infarctions:

Where are recognized  ST segment elevations in inferior myocardial infarction:

Where are recognized ST segment elevations in posterior myocardial infarction:

Besides myocardial infarction, which disease produces ST segment elevations:

To potential complications of myocardial infarction does not belong:
          
What is typical valvular disease in elderly patients in a developed world:

Systolic murmur is typical for:

What is the most common persistent disorder of heart rhythm:

Atrial fibrillation is associated mainly with a risk of:

Atrial fibrillation could be a cause of:

Definitive treatment of  third-degree atrioventricular block is:

Tachycardias with heart rate exceeding 200 beats per minute:

ECG in a diagnosis of arrythmias:

First-degree atrioventricular block:

Antiarrhythmic agents:

Which diagnostic methods are used in patients after syncope:

Preferred antihypertensive medication in a patient without comorbidities is:

Myocarditis could be presented as:

Endocarditis is diagnosed using:

Janeway lesions could be presented in bacterial endocarditis and are described as:

Osler nodules in infectious endocarditis are  described as:

What are signs of suspected aortal dissection in a patient with acute chest pain:

What are typical signs of  rheumatic fever:

Arterial hypertension:

Arterial hypertension with hypokalemia:

Which drug is a fast acting ACE-inhibitor used for a rapid blood pressure lowering:

Which drug is a diuretic used as an antihypertensive medication:

Which drug is a betablocker:

Angiology

Homan´s sign

Post-thrombotic syndrome

Posterior tibial artery pulse can be palpated

Intermittent claudication

Burger´s disease (thrombangiitis obliterans)

Superficial thrombophlebitis

Raynaud´s syndrome  is characterised by

The most common cause of peripheral artery occlusive disease  is

The risk factors of atherosclerosis does not include

Peripheral artery occlusive disease is divided into stages (based on Fontain/Rutherford)

Treatment of  peripheral artery occlusive disease  

Burger´s disease (thrombangiitis obliterans)

Superficial thrombophlebitis

The following does not belong to superficial veins

Deep venous thrombosis

Takayasu´s pulseless disease

Primary Raynaud´s syndrome

Aneurysm    

Deep venous thrombosis /phlebothrombosis/

In deep venous thrombosis the following treatment is not used

In peripheral artery occlusive disease with claudicant interval 200 m the following treatment  is indicated

Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in large arteries of lower extremities is indicated

Mediocalcinosis –medial calcific sclerosis

Fibromuscular dysplasia of arteries

Peripheral artery occlusive disease

Abdominal aortic aneurysm is in high risk of rupture

Livedo reticularis is

Superficial vein is

Patients considered to be at  high risk for deep venous thromboembolism are those with:

Lymphedema is diagnosed by