Faculty of Medicine
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Simulators

 

"What I hear, I forget. What I see, I remember. And what I do, this I understand"

Learning through play. The revolutionary concept introduced in the 17. century by John Amos Comenius is being widely applied in the modern methods of teaching called "learning-by-doing", that means simulation games. Hence, by means of simulation games one can safely test behavior of simulated object as any mistake or error performed by student has no negative effect on the simulated object. 

In our care, simulated object is patient simulator, which is computer-controlled manikin. Simulatore breaths, talks, can be palpated on pulses, auscultated and many other actions can be performed on it.Real medical devices (e.g. EKG or defibrillator) can be connected or applied on simulator providing realistic medical output, or medical acts can be performed on simulator e.g. cardiopulmonary resuscitation, intubation etc. Generally, wide range of techniques and methods can be trained on the simulator by both the students and professionals. Also, simulators can be applied for the complex training of the medical teams. 

The heart of the simulator is the control software which allows to set and change all the physiological parameters (cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological etc.) in the simulator, thus to create (pato)physiological patient states - simulated cases. These cases can be used for the training of the students and professionals as well.

The task of the student is to stabilize the "patient" by performing various medical acts. This process is driven by the scenario, which is pre-programmed algorithm controlled by the teacher or instructor. Student follows the scenario, performs all the acts needed, while teacher or instructor controls all his acting. Scenario can be either linear or branched (the state of "patient" depends on the student´s good or wrong decision in each step). As the supplements, real material can be used in the scenario - RTG, lab results etc. When regularly trained, student can gain relevant skills and abilities how to react properly and to follow the proper steps in the various clinical case he/she might encounter with during his/her future medical praxis.

 

 

iStan

iStan is the higher class of the adult patient simulator and the state-of-art tetherless simulator on the marked. Its the most striking advantage over the other simulators of its type is the implemented physiological model.

 

Functions and properties

 

  •   built-in physiological model

         -  automatic changes of physiological paramaters as the response to the medical act

 

  •   realistic airways

         -   relistic sounds of breathing and breathing frequency (respiratory rate)

         -   chest movement synchronized with respiratory rate

         -   intubation (nasal and oral)

         -   option of performing tracheostomy and cricothyrotomy

         -   simulated attachment of oxidation saturation sensor

         -   measurement of epired CO2

         -   realistic bowel sounds

 

  •   realistic cardiovascular and neurological system

         -   realistic heart sounds and their intensities

         -   wide range of ECG curves

         -   application of real medical devices (ECG, defibrillator...)

 

  •   photosensitive eyes

         -   pupilla reacts autimatically on the external source of light

         -   eyes blinking

 

  •   connected to patient monitory and display of vital functions

  •   pre-programmed vocal sound a option of connection to iStan-a by microphone

  •   application of medicaments (intravenous, "in silico")

         - the pharmaceutical editor is part of the software which allows the creation of new  drugs

 

  •   pre-programmed scenarios and option to design own scenarios

VICTORIA

VICTORIA is birthing simulator, which has the same functions like HAL 3101 (realistic airways, possible intubation, cardiovascular system, connection to patient monitor and display of vital functions ). ut it has also special  and properties.

Functions and properties

  • simulation of normal labor and birth

  • simulation of pathological delivery

  • vaginal exam

  • simulation of cesarean delivery

  • realistic landmarks of the fetal head

  • abdominal palpation (Leopold´s maneuvers)

  • cyanosis of baby, fetal monitoring

HAL 3101

HAL 3101 is the lower class of tetherless adult patient simulator. Apparently, the main difference compared to iStan je the lack of in-build physiological model. Still, it is the patient simulator of the same qualitative and quantitative properties as iStan,.

Functions and properties

 

  •   realistic airways and possible intubation

         - oral and nasal intubation

         - sensor detecting depth of the intubation

         - option to perform tracheostomy and cricothyrotomy

         - monitoring of breathing speed and depth

         - option of an assisted ventilation

         - realistic breath sounds, breathing frequency etc. 

         - breath sounds synchronised with breathing

 

  •   realistic cardiovascular system

        - realistic heart sounds

        - option to use real medical devices (ECG and defibrillator)

        - measurement of blood pressure (sphygmometer, palpation, ausculatiton)

        - Korotkoff sounds between systolic and diastolic pressures

        - real pulses synchronised with ECG

       

  •   connected patient monitor and display of vital functions

  •   cyanosis and option of O2 administration

  •   pre-programmed scenarios and possibility to program own scenarios

HAL 3005

HAL 3005 is tetherless pediatric simulator of the child at the age 5 - 9 years.

 

Functions and properties

 

  •   realistic airways and option of intubation 

         - oral and nasal intubation (use of laryngoscope)

         - sensor detecting depthe of the intubation 

         - speed and depth of breathing synchronised with chest movement

         - option to perform tracheostomy and cricothyroteomy

         - option of assisted ventilation

         - realistic breath sounds, respiratory rate etc.

         - independent left and right side sounds

         - breath sounds synchronised with breathing

 

  •   realistic cardiovascular system

        - realistic heart sounds (including murmurs) and option to set their intensity

        - option to use real ECG or defibrillator

        - measurement of blood pressure (sphygmometer, palpation, ausculatiton)

        - Korotkoff sounds between systolic and diastolic pressures

        - real pulses synchronised with ECG

 

  •   connected patient monitor and display of vital functions

  •   administration of drugs - intravenous, intramuscular, intraosseal

  •   active eyes 

         - photosensitive

         - option to set freqeuncy of blinking

 

  •   cyanosis and option of O2 administration

  •   pre-programmed scenarios and possibility to program own scenarios

HAL 3010

HAL 3010 is thetherless patient simulator of the newborn baby (40 weeks) with the possibility to simulate baby up to 1 year. of age.

 

Functions and properties

 

  •   realistic airways with the option of oral and nasal intubation

         - control of speed and depth of breathing

         - option of an assisted ventilation

         - realistic breath sounds, respiratory rate etc.

         - breath sounds synchronised with breathing

 

  •   realistic cardiovascular system

        - realistic heart sounds (including murmurs) and the option to set their intensity

        - option to use real ECG

        - pulses synchronised with ECG

        - cord tissue puls (when cord tissue is attached)

       

  •   connected to the patient monitor and display of vital functions

  •   cyanosis and option of O2 administration

  •   administration of drugs - intravenous, intramuscular, intraosseal

  •    cord tissue catheterization

  •   pre-programmed scenarios and possibility to program own scenarios

USG simulator

CAE Vimedix is a realistic ultrasound simulator that facilitates the process of learning cardiac, pulmonary and abdominal ultrasound. Thanks to innovative software it accelerates the development of essential psychomotor and cognitive skills for ultrasound probe handling, image interpretation, diagnoses and clinical decision-making.

 

Functions and properties:

 

·       2D, Bi-Plane and M-Mode views

·       adjustable image settings (depth, viewing angle, contrast)

·       color Doppler, continuous wave Doppler and pulsed wave Doppler of

the heart

·       color Doppler of the inferior Vena Cava and for chosen pathologies

·       analysis of measurements including length/diameter, circumference and area

·       zoom function for ultrasound images

·       ability to freeze image and scroll

·       ability to add noise on ultrasound view to alter image quality and viewing level of difficulty

·       over 200 available pathologies with the option to hide pathology names

Juno

CAE Juno is a wireless adult patient simulator easily convertible from male to female. It is designed to meet educational requirements for clinical nursing skills, from task training through advanced patient care scenarios.

Functions and properties:

 

·         realistic airways with the option of oral and nasal intubation

         - control of speed of breathing

         - manual bilateral chest rise and fall

         - realistic breath sounds, respiratory rate etc.

 

·         realistic cardiovascular system

        - realistic heart sounds (including murmurs) and the option to set their intensity

        - option to use real ECG

        - unilateral blood pressure measurement by auscultation and palpation

       

·         connected to the patient monitor and display of vital functions

·         administration of drugs – unilateral intravenous, intraosseal

·         pre-programmed scenarios and possibility to program own scenarios

3D printers

Original Prusa i3 MK3S are high quality 3D printers for printing with up to 5 materials simultaneously with printing temperature up to 300 °C.

  • Magnetic MK52 heatbed with replacable PEI SPRING STEEL PRINT SHEET
  • removable heatbed
  • Power loss detection and recovery
  • possibility print 5 materials simultaneously
  • Supported materials – PLA, ABS, PET, HIPS, Flex PP, Ninjaflex, Laywood, Laybrick, Nylon, Bamboofill, Bronzefill, ASA, T-Glase, Carbon-fibers enhanced filaments, Polycarbonates